June 6, 2013

Low GI Diets Improve Outcome for Women with Gestational Diabetes

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Food still life.In the Nutrition Journal a study shows that a 6-month lower glycemic index diet resulted in significant improvements in glucose tolerance and weight loss

Gestational diabetes increases the risk for T2D. To thwart this risk, women are recommended to follow a  conventional low-calorie, low-fat diet and watch their weight. So far, women have had limited success in avoiding the eventual development of T2D.

This study was designed to evaluate the effects of conventional dietary recommendations with and without additional low glycemic index (GI) education, in the management of glucose tolerance and body weight in Asian women with previous gestational diabetes.

For the study, 77 Asian, non-diabetic women with previous gestational diabetes, between 20- 40 years of age were followed on a conventional low-calorie, low-fat diet or low GI diet groups.

After 6 months, significant reductions in body weight, BMI and waist-to-hip ratio were observed only in the women who consumed the low GI diet. Mean BMI changes were significantly different between the groups.

More women achieved weight loss in the low GI diet group compared to low-calorie, low-fat diet group. In addition to weight loss BMI, and waist-to-hip ratio, the low GI diet women had significantly lower 2-hour after meal blood glucose.

Although the caloric consumption was comparable between the groups, the overall profile of body mass, glucose profile, and body confirmation shows to be healthier in the women who consumed a lower GI diet.

The American Diabetes Association put together a list of low, medium, and high glycemic index foods. If you’d like to sneak a peek at some of the foods that can lower the risk of developing T2D if you had gestational diabetes – here it is.

Visit Your Diabetes Health for more resources about health.