July 17, 2013

Who Are Diabetic Foot Patients?

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feetPeople with diabetes should be super cautious about their feet. What are some of the risk factors that may increase chances for developing a diabetic foot ulcer? The study published in the Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders gives you a heads-up on your feet.

Chronic wounds are the leading cause of lower limb amputations in people with diabetes.  Knowing how to prevent these chronic wounds is half the battle so a study to identify characteristics that increase the likelihood of developing a diabetic foot ulcer was conducted.

Throughout 8 years, almost 900 patients were studied. Just over 14% of the patients had an HbA1c greater than 7%. Almost 70% of the patients had history of previous hospitalization because of diabetes  complications. The most prevalent co-morbidities were renal, cardiovascular and ophthalmic ones.

Most patients had chronic foot wounds in the right foot. The diabetic food ulcer location was most prevalent in the toes, with most of them being in the big toe. Almost 30% of the patients underwent lower-limb amputations.

The number of  diabetic foot ulcer patients is increasing. Middle-aged diabetic patients with a long duration of the disease and poor blood sugar control who have other diabetic complications are most likely to develop diabetic foot ulcers.

Men are more likely than women to develop diabetic foot ulcers. Patient awareness and education plays an instrumental role in preventing secondary foot ulcers.

The multidisciplinary approach involves educating medical and nursing personnel, applying screening and prevention guidelines, and allocating more resources of great importance regarding treatment of diabetic foot ulcers.

With the goal of reducing the rate of amputations, doctors, nurses, and healthcare professionals can apply the multidisciplinary approach to educate patients. When the game plan is understood by everybody on the field, winning is a lot easier.

Visit Your Diabetes Health for more resources about health.